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Edge Computing: What, Benefits, Challenges, AI Examples

In 2006, the cost of manufacturing downtime in the automotive industry was estimated at $1.3 million per hour. A decade later, the rising financial investment toward vehicle technologies and the growing profitability in the market make unexpected service interruptions more expensive in multiple orders of magnitude. In addition to the data growth and existing network limitations, technologies such as 5G connectivity and Artificial Intelligence are paving the way for edge computing. Businesses across industries, from banking to retail, are exploring how they can use edge computing to deliver hyperpersonalized experiences and targeted ads to customers. They’re also developing ways to use edge computing to support new services, such as AR-enabled interactive shopping. Accenture offers a full spectrum of services to help maximize the benefits of edge computing.

  • On one end of the spectrum, a business might want to handle much of the process on their end.
  • Edge computing will likely evolve into different usage patterns during the next few years.
  • It allows real-time analytics processing and delivery of data in an optimized manner, thereby reducing reliance on the cloud.
  • In the three examples below, I’ve outlined specific examples of how edge computing can improve IoT processes across the transportation, utilities and manufacturing industries.
  • A cloud data center might be too far away, but the edge deployment might simply be too resource-limited, or physically scattered or distributed, to make strict edge computing practical.
  • IoT devices, such as smart shelves and beacons, provide real-time inventory tracking, enabling retailers to efficiently manage stock levels and reduce out-of-stock situations.
  • The military uses industrial PCs for video processing, data acquisition, and for in vehicle applications.

Similar to other use cases, virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) both require the real-time processing of large data sets because any lag in analysis would delay subsequent actions. That would mean delayed images and instructions in the case of VR and AR, creating a poor — or in some cases even an unsafe — user experience at a time when use of these technologies is greatly expanding. Healthcare data is coming from numerous medical devices, including those in doctor’s offices, in hospitals and from consumer wearables bought by patients themselves. But all that data doesn’t need to be moved to centralized servers for analysis and storage — a process that could create bandwidth congestion and an explosion in storage needs. Traditional, on-premise computing stores data locally on the user’s computer. From there, data goes out via the corporate LAN or the internet WAN, then returns back to the user.

What is Edge Computing? Definition

At its simplest, edge computing is the practice of capturing, processing, and analyzing data near where it is created. The ongoing global deployment of the 5G wireless standard ties into edge computing because 5G enables faster processing for these cutting-edge, low-latency use cases and applications. The concept dates back to the 1990s, when Akamai solved the challenge of Web traffic congestion by introducing Content Delivery Network (CDN) solutions. The technology involved network nodes storing static cached media information at locations closer to end-users. Edge computing ensures the compliance requirements are met even without WAN connectivity. Edge computing allows the data to be collected and stored locally at the remote site without needing to be transferred back to a data center.

what is edge computing with example

Edge computing processes data that is time-sensitive, whereas cloud computing handles data that lacks time constraints. The costs of implementing an edge infrastructure in an organization can be both complex and expensive. It requires a clear scope and purpose before deployment as well as additional equipment and resources to function. In this article, we’re delving deep into the meaning of edge computing, exploring what it is, how it works, and its potential impact on the future of infrastructure management.

What Is Conflict Management? Definition, Types & Strategies

Applications such as virtual and augmented reality, self-driving cars, smart cities and even building-automation systems require this level of fast processing and response. Edge computing is transforming how data generated by billions of IoT and other devices  is stored, processed, analyzed and transported. The manufacturing industry heavily relies on the performance and uptime of automated machines.

Example of edge computing can be found in worker safety and security, where data from on-site cameras, safety devices, and sensors is processed to prevent unauthorized site access and monitor employee compliance with safety policies. Although the Internet has evolved over the years, the volume of data being produced everyday across billions of devices can cause high levels of congestion. In edge computing, there is a local storage and local servers can perform essential edge analytics in the event of a network outage.

Smart Surveillance

Infrastructure such as oil rigs, mining, and gas units require continuous monitoring to prevent dangerous events. Edge computing ensures that safe practices are followed in maintaining such units, even at remote locations. It allows real-time analytics processing and delivery of data in an optimized manner, thereby reducing reliance on the cloud. Data gathered from the edge can optimize operations, enhance productivity, look after worker safety, and reduce energy consumption to a great extent. At the heart of all of these intelligent transportation systems are edge computing devices. Autonomous vehicles are an example of why IoT solutions and edge computing need to work together.

what is edge computing with example

Edge devices monitor critical patient functions such as temperature and blood sugar levels. Edge computing allows the healthcare sector to store this patient data locally and improve privacy protection. Medical facilities also reduce the data volume they send to central locations and cut the risk of data loss. The high speeds and low latency of data transfer, combined with the relative ease of installing edge devices, have seen edge computing widely used across industries. Edge computing continues to evolve, using new technologies and practices to enhance its capabilities and performance.

Intelligent Transportation Systems

The addition of new IoT devices can also increase the opportunity for the attackers to infiltrate the device. Latency refers to the time required to transfer data between two points on a network. Large physical distances between these two points coupled with network congestion can cause delays.

what is edge computing with example

Edge monitoring often involves an array of metrics and KPIs, such as site availability or uptime, network performance, storage capacity and utilization, and compute resources. Edge computing puts storage and servers where the data is, often requiring little more than a partial rack of gear to operate on the remote LAN to collect and process the data locally. In many cases, the computing gear is deployed in shielded or hardened enclosures to protect the gear from extremes of temperature, moisture and other environmental conditions. Processing often involves normalizing and analyzing the data stream to look for business intelligence, and only the results of the analysis are sent back to the principal data center. An October 2019 report by IDC predicts that by 2023, more than 50% of the newly deployed infrastructure will be in increasingly critical edge locations rather than corporate data centers, up from less than 10% today.

Enhanced workplace safety

Edge deployments vary for different use cases, but can be grouped into two broad categories. Accelerate data monetization to extend applications and models to the edge for real-time insights, without the need to move your data. An enterprise application platform with a unified set of tested services for bringing apps to market on your choice of infrastructure. IoT sensors can be added to parts of the machinery that are most prone to breaking or overuse. The data from these sensors can be analyzed and used for predictive maintenance, reducing overall downtime. Edge computing will grow with cloud, AI, cloud-native, etc., but we must understand that it will vary by application.

what is edge computing with example

The first vital element of any successful technology deployment is the creation of a meaningful business and technical edge strategy. Understanding the “why” demands a clear understanding of the technical and business problems that the organization is trying to solve, such as overcoming network constraints and observing data sovereignty. However, understanding the when, where, why, and how of edge computing can be tricky. Dustin Seetoo, Premio’s best cybersecurity stocks Director of Product Marketing joins Marketscale on a podcast to define the need for rugged edge computing and the transformative technologies leading the charge. Because 5G will power lower latency and higher speeds, it and edge computing go hand in hand to deliver key benefits in migrating network applications to the edge. Manage and promote security cost-effectively across thousands of edge servers and hundreds of thousands of edge devices.

Communication networks

The prospect of moving so much data in situations that can often be time- or disruption-sensitive puts incredible strain on the global internet, which itself is often subject to congestion and disruption. It’s an exciting prospect providing tremendous opportunities to unlock the potential of data. While centralized cloud has been the go-to option for years, edge computing is the future.

What is Serverless Computing?

Rugged edge computers are hardened to withstand exposure to challenging environmental conditions that are commonly found in vehicles. Such challenging conditions include exposure to shock, vibration, dust, and extreme temperatures. Edge computing, as the name implies, is designed to power applications, data use and computing services at the edge of a network – regardless of where that edge is located.

Edge vs. cloud: How to explain

For autonomous driving technologies to replace human drivers, cars must be capable of reacting to road incidents in real-time. On average, it may take 100 milliseconds for data transmission between vehicle sensors and backend cloud datacenters. In terms of driving decisions, this delay can have significant impact on the reaction of self-driving vehicles. Today, edge computing takes this concept further, introducing computational capabilities into nodes at the network edge to process information and deliver services.

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